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Ten Tips for Tenants

rental-house

Know your rights when you rent a house or apartment.

1) Bring your paperwork. The best way to win over a prospective landlord is to be prepared. To get a competitive edge over other applicants, bring the following when you meet the landlord: a completed rental application; written references from landlords, employers, and colleagues; and a current copy of your credit report.

2) Review the lease. Carefully review all of the conditions of the tenancy before you sign on the dotted line. Your lease or rental agreement may contain a provision that you find unacceptable — for example, restrictions on guests, pets, design alterations, or running a home business.

3) Get everything in writing. To avoid disputes or misunderstandings with your landlord, get everything in writing. Keep copies of any correspondence and follow up an oral agreement with a letter, setting out your understandings.

4) Protect your privacy rights. Next to disputes over rent or security deposits, one of the most common and emotion-filled misunderstandings arises over the tension between a landlord’s right to enter a rental unit and a tenant’s right to be left alone. If you understand your privacy rights, it will be easier to protect them.

5) Demand repairs. Know your rights to live in a habitable rental unit — and don’t give them up. The vast majority of landlords are required to offer their tenants livable premises, including adequate weatherproofing; heat, water, and electricity; and clean, sanitary, and structurally safe premises.

6) Talk to your landlord. Keep communication open with your landlord. If there’s a problem, talk it over to see if the issue can be resolved short of a nasty legal battle.

7) Purchase renters’ insurance. Your landlord’s insurance policy will not cover your losses due to theft or damage. Renters’ insurance also covers you if you’re sued by someone who claims to have been injured in your rental due to your carelessness.

8) Protect your security deposit. To protect yourself and avoid any misunderstandings, make sure your lease or rental agreement is clear on the use and refund of security deposits. When you move in, do a walk-through with the landlord to record existing damage to the premises on a move-in statement or checklist.

9) Protect your safety. Learn whether your building and neighborhood are safe, and what you can expect your landlord to do about it if they aren’t. Get copies of any state or local laws that require safety devices such as deadbolts and window locks, check out the property’s vulnerability to intrusion by a criminal, and learn whether criminal incidents have already occurred on the property or nearby.

10) Deal with an eviction properly. Know when to fight an eviction notice — and when to move. If you feel the landlord is clearly in the wrong, you may want to fight the eviction. But unless you have the law and provable facts on your side, fighting an eviction notice can be short-sighted.

Information by Marcia Stewart from NOLO.com